China Vanadium Pentoxide Import And Export Statistics 202105

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Chinese Ammonium Metavanadate Prices Maintain Strong

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China’s 4 Ferrovanadium Producers Stopped Operation In Apr

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Canada’s Ferro-Vanadium Export Volume Fell 14.39% MoM In Dec 2020

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China Top Five Ferrovanadium Producers By Operating Rate In Mar

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Chinese Ammonium Metavanadate Prices Stay Firm

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TNG Limited :Mount Peake Project Awarded Major Project Status By The Australian Federal Government

Key Points
• World-class strategic metals asset vertically integrated from production to market with a mine and processing facility life of 37 years to be developed and located in the Northern Territory.
• Significant new infrastructure for the Northern Territory including a mining operation and Beneficiation Plant north of Alice Springs and a TIVAN® Processing Facility to be located at the Middle Arm Precinct in Darwin.
• Important value-adding downstream component through the use of the TNG’s proprietary TIVAN® Process.
• Forecast production of 100ktpa of titanium pigment (for paints and coatings), 6ktpa of vanadium pentoxide (for steel strengthening, alloys and vanadium redox flow batteries (“VRFB”)) and 500ktpa of iron oxide (for steel).
• Expect to create up to an estimated 1,6001 jobs during construction and up to an estimated 1,0001 long-term jobs during operations.
• Outstanding network of Tier-1 global strategic partners and off-take customers already in place.
• Front-end engineering and design (“FEED”) study nearing completion.
• Significant green energy component planned with VRFBs and Hydrogen production.
Australian resource and mineral processing technology company TNG Limited (ASX: TNG) (“TNG” or the “Company”) is pleased to announce that the Minister for Industry, Science and Technology, the Honourable Karen Andrews MP, has awarded Federal Major Project Statusto TNG’s 100%-owned Mount Peake Vanadium-TitaniumIron Project (“Mount Peake Project” or the “Project”) in the Northern Territory.
The grant of Federal Major Project Status by the Australian Government is a recognition of the strategic significance of the Mount Peake Project to Australia as it is expected to grow and diversify Australia’s critical minerals resources and contribute to the economic development of the Northern Territory.
The Mount Peake Project is a world-scale strategic metals asset that is intended to be developed across two separate sites in the Northern Territory with a mine and processing facility life of 37 years, and an initial significant capital investment 1 and jobs creation to deliver the Project.
The Project is expected to deliver substantial new infrastructure in the Northern Territory including a mining operation, Beneficiation Plant and TIVAN® Processing Facility, as well as supporting non-processing infrastructure
additions and upgrades, including haul roads, logistics infrastructure, utilities infrastructure and office/camp facilities.
The TIVAN® Processing Facility is proposed to be located at the Middle Arm Precinct in Darwin, which has recently been recognised as a nationally significant investment priority area by Infrastructure Australia.
The Company is developing the TIVAN® process to overcome limitations of the conventional processing of titanomagnetite, using a unique and optimised combination of existing pyro and hydrometallurgical processes enabling the maximum value to be extracted.
The TIVAN® process is 100% owned by TNG and is protected by a series of global patents. The process utilises new technology designed in Australia and overseas to reduce its environmental footprint and in a low carbon operation. The development of the Mount Peake Project is expected to create up to an estimated 1,6002 jobs during the construction phase and up to an estimated 1,0002 long-term jobs during the operational phase.
The Company is targeting annual production of 100,000 tonnes of titanium pigment (the base material for outdoor paints and coating), 6,000 tonnes of vanadium pentoxide (for use in steel strengthening and alloys and VRFBs) and
500,000 tonnes of iron oxide (for use in steel production) making this a world class multi-commodity resource with in country value adding.
The current status of the Project is that TNG is progressing a FEED study with the leading German-based engineering firm SMS group, which will provide confirmation of the final capital expenditure required for the Beneficiation Plant and the TIVAN® Processing Facility which will then lead to an Engineering Procurement Construction (“EPC”) proposal for delivery.
In parallel with the FEED study and as part of the Company’s vertical integration strategy for the Mount Peake Project, TNG is advancing its green energy strategy with the establishment of a VRFB business unit and a joint
partnership with SMS group to develop a carbon-neutral hydrogen production technology to be applied to the TIVAN® process.
The Mount Peake Project also has Major Project Status from the Northern Territory Government.
About TNG
TNG is a Perth based resource and mineral processing technology company focussing on building a world-scale strategic metals business based on its flagship 100%-owned Mount Peake Vanadium-Titanium-Iron Project in the Northern Territory. Located 235km north of Alice Springs, Mount Peake will be a long-life project producing a suite of high-quality, high-purity strategic products for global markets including vanadium pentoxide, titanium dioxide pigment and iron ore fines. The project, which is expected to be a top-10 global producer, has received Major Project Facilitation status from the Northern Territory Government

V2O5 Transaction Report On 22 Oct 2020

Product Spec. Volume(Ton) Transaction Price Transaction Time Basis
V2O5 98% flake 32 tons 84000 Yuan/ton, cash with tax 22 Oct  Sichuan(sell)

Silver Elephant Acquires Silver Project Bordering Historic 350 Million Silver oz Malku Khota Project

On September 8, 2020, Silver Elephant Mining Corp. (“Silver Elephant” or “Company”) (TSX: ELEF, OTCQX:SILEF, Frankfurt:1P2N) announces that it has entered into a binding sales and purchase agreement (“SPA”) with a private party (“Vendor”) to acquire the Sunawayo silver-lead mining project (“Sunawayo”) located immediately adjacent to the Malku Khota silver project in Bolivia. Malku Khota has a historic (2011) resource of 350 million oz of silver contained in its greenfield Wara, Sucre, and Limnosa deposits, which are only 200 meters southeast of the Sunawayo border (Southeast border). (Cited historic resource estimates are not current mineral resources or mineral reserves.)

Malku Khota Historic Resource

Historic Resource Resource (Mtonnes) Silver (Moz) Indium (Tonnes) Gallium (Tonnes) Zinc (MLbs) Lead (MLbs)
Measured & Indicated 255.0 230.3 1481.0 1082.0 246.8 453.3
Inferred 230.0 140.0 935.0 1001.0 246.2 362.2


Sunawayo is patented land which Silver Elephant has acquired through the SPA, whereas Malku Khota is unpatented land administered by the government’s Corporación Minera de Bolivia (COMIBOL). In January 2020, Silver Elephant applied for a mining production contract (MPC) with COMIBOL that would give it the rights to mine and explore Malku Khota. The application was received by COMIBOL and is under review.

The purchase of Sunawayo includes a fully permitted 100 ton-per-day open-pit mining operation that produces a lead concentrate. Sunawayo has a strike of 17 km which covers 59.5 square km of prospective area. Sunawayo has ready access to water and power. And by road it is 165 km from Bolivia’s 5th largest city, Oruro.

Joaquin Merino, VP for South America Operations, states:

“A combined Sunawayo-Malku Khota district would feature a 34 km property extent encompassing an area of over 110 square kilometers. We believe the district is situated within a very large hydrothermal system that produced the Malku Khota sedimentary exhalative (Sedex) deposit comprising a historic resource of 350 million oz silver based on 42,704 meters of drilling that took place between 2007 and 2010. The district is remarkably under-explored. Roughly 3.5 km of strike have been drilled from the Southeast border into Malku Khota project, yet the Malku Khota lithological trend and host-sandstone units extend for another 8 km northwest into Sunawayo without receiving a single exploration drill hole. The current mine pit (approximately 180m by 75m) is located 10 km northwest of the Southeast border and the pit has also never been drill-tested.”

Forty-eight samples, spanning 11 km, were taken at Sunawayo, where multitudes of visible mineralization were observed during a recent site visit. Assay results are expected in early October. Visit for project maps, photos, and a presentation.

About Sedex Deposits

Sedex-style Pb–Zn–Ag deposits account for 50% of the world’s lead and zinc reserves and 30% of the world’s silver resources, according to 2019 USGS and GSGS Global Data. Large, regional scale Sedex systems can span hundreds of kilometers, forming large tonnage deposits.

Examples are:

Teck’s Red Dog mine is the USA’s largest silver producer, producing 6.6 million oz silver annually, along with 1.2 billion pounds of zinc and 226 million pounds of lead.

Glencore’s Mount Isa mine has proven and probable reserves of 97 million tonnes at 7.0% zinc, 3.3% lead, and 60 g/t silver within measured and indicated resources of 419 million tonnes at 7% zinc, 3.7% lead and 67 g/t silver. It has been in operation since 1923.

Teck’s former Sullivan mine in British Columbia, Canada has in its lifetime produced 160 million tons of ore containing 8 million tons (16 billion pounds) of lead, 7 million tons (14 billion pounds) of zinc, and 285 million oz of silver. After 92 years of active production, the Sullivan mine was closed in 2001.

Malku Khota was described in the May 2011 technical report by GeoVector management as a Sedex-style deposit with a late hydrothermal overprint associated with the uplift of the Bolivian Altiplano which has endowed the deposit with indium and gallium in addition to silver, lead, and zinc.

Indium and Gallium:

Indium Price (US$10/oz)

A excellent conductor, Indium tin oxide (ITO, 85% of Indium consumption) is critical part of touch screens, flat screen TVs and solar panels. Gallium (94% from China) is used in diodes and analog electronics

Proposed Transaction Summary

Subject to the provisions of the SPA, the Vendor agrees to irrevocably transfer the mining rights of the Sunawayo to Silver Elephant upon the latter’s paying it $6,500,000. That payment will consist of $300,000 on SPA signing with the remaining $6,200,000 to be paid in cash over a one-year period in twelve equal monthly installments, starting March 1, 2021.

Closing Remarks

Silver Elephant’s goal is to explore near the Southeast border, in and around the current open pit mine, and along the 8 km Malku Khota lithological trend within sandstone units at Sunawayo. In parallel, the Company continues to advance a mining production contract application with COMIBOL for the rights to mine and explore Malku Khota.

Silver Elephant has amassed a large silver resource portfolio, consisting of:

  • Silver: Sunawayo (59.5 km2), within 200 meters of Malku Khota’s historical 350-million-oz Sedex-style silver deposit. Sunawayo is fully permitted for a 100 tpd mining operation.
  • Silver: Pulacayo (35.5 km2), with 93,311 meters drilling. An updated resource estimate is expected in September. Refer to Company news dated July 20.
  • Gold/silver: Triunfo (25.6 km2), with step-out drilling next to 95 meters grading 0.4 g/t Au, 22g/t Ag, 1% Pb+Zn. First batch of assay results is expected in October. Refer to Company news dated August 19.

Joaquin Merino, VP for South America Operations, further states:

“Bolivia has more than 5 centuries of proud mining tradition and is home to Cerro Rico and Pulacayo, two of world’s largest silver mines, based on historical production. I have been working in Bolivia since 2005 and we are thrilled to explore these elephant-sized silver projects at this exciting time of rising silver prices in a country opening up to investors after a decade of under-investment.”

All currencies are in USD.

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Qualified Person

The technical contents of this news release have been prepared under the supervision of Danniel Oosterman, VP Exploration. Mr. Oosterman is not independent of the Company in that he is employed by it. Mr. Oosterman is a qualified person (“QP”) as defined by the guidelines in NI 43-101. Historic resource numbers for the Malku Khota project cited in this release are taken from the May 10th, 2011 Technical Report completed by Geovector Management Inc., AGP Mining Consultants, and Pennstrom Consulting. A qualified person has not done sufficient work to classify the historical estimate as current mineral resources or mineral reserve, and the Company is not treating the historical estimate as current mineral resources or mineral reserves.

Malku Khota Historic Resource & Cut offs

Measured & Indicated Resources
Ag_Eq (g/t) Ag (g/t) In (g/t) Pb (%) Zn (%) Ga (g/t)
Cut-off Mtonnes Grade MOzs Grade Tonnes Grade MLbs Grade MLbs Grade Tonnes
10 255.0 28.1 230.3 5.8 1481.0 0.08 453.3 0.04 246.8 4.2 1082.0
20 155.2 38.9 194.0 7.4 1156.0 0.10 345.7 0.05 185.5 4.1 639.4
30 94.3 51.7 156.7 9.0 851.0 0.12 255.5 0.07 138.2 4.0 374.5
40 61.8 64.6 128.6 10.0 621.0 0.14 189.4 0.08 106.9 3.9 238.8
50 42.8 77.8 107.0 10.5 450.0 0.15 143.8 0.09 85.9 3.8 162.3
100 9.2 151.7 45.0 15.5 143.0 0.14 27.6 0.04 8.2 3.7 34.5
Inferred Resources
Ag_Eq (g/t) Ag (g/t) In (g/t) Pb (%) Zn (%) Ga (g/t)
Cut-off Mtonnes Grade MOzs Grade Tonnes Grade MLbs Grade MLbs Grade Tonnes
10 230.0 18.9 140.0 4.1 935.0 0.07 362.2 0.05 246.2 4.4 1001.1
20 86.6 31.8 88.4 6.2 534.0 0.11 204.1 0.08 153.3 3.9 336.2
30 48.2 41.5 64.4 7.4 358.0 0.12 123.8 0.10 101.7 3.6 174.5
40 26.9 52.2 45.2 8.2 222.0 0.13 79.7 0.13 74.7 3.5 93.1
50 16.2 64.3 33.6 6.7 110.0 0.12 43.8 0.16 55.8 3.5 57.5
100 1.5 134.1 6.4 3.8 6.0 0.06 2.0 0.08 2.5 3.5 5.2

Photo Gallery

Sunawayo Hydrothermal breccias Replacement and relict Pb-Ag mineralization in Ravelo Formation Rocks

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements contained in this news release, including statements which may contain words such as “expects”, “anticipates”, “intends”, “plans”, “believes”, “estimates”, or similar expressions, and statements related to matters which are not historical facts are forward-looking information within the meaning of applicable securities laws. Such forward-looking statements, which reflect management’s expectations regarding Company’s future growth, results of operations, performance, and business prospects and opportunities, are based on certain factors and assumptions and involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties which may cause the actual results, performance, or achievements to be materially different from future results, performance, or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.

These factors should be considered carefully, and readers should not place undue reliance on the Company’s forward-looking statements. The Company believes that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements contained in this news release and the documents incorporated by reference herein are reasonable, but no assurance can be given that these expectations will prove to be correct. In addition, although the Company has attempted to identify important factors that could cause actual actions, events, or results to differ materially from those described in forward-looking statements, there may be other factors that cause actions, events, or results not to be as anticipated, estimated, or intended. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly release any future revisions to forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this news or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as expressly required by law.

Silver Elephant: 37 Triunfo Samples Assayed Up to 8.3 g/t AuEq, Drilling Commences Today

Vancouver, British Columbia, August 19, 2020 – Silver Elephant Mining Corp. (“Silver Elephant” or “the Company”) (TSX: ELEF, OTCQX:SILEF, Frankfurt:1P2N) announces that it has received its first chip sampling results on its recently acquired polymetallic (gold, silver, zinc & lead) El Triunfo Project in Bolivia.

A total of 103 chip samples were collected from outcrops at surface and from underground adits and tunnels accessing the main east-west mineralized trend. The width of the samples varies from 1.0 to 5.3m, exhibiting an
average width of 2.5m.

These results confirm that the El Triunfo project exhibits near-surface Au-Ag-Pb-Zn mineralization where gold and silver account for a majority of the value.

Sampling was conducted on two priority areas, known as Block A and Block B. These 2 contiguous blocks, located at the western portion of the property, span a total strike length of 750m at various widths from 20 to 100 m. Artisanal mining has been developed along predominantly east-west mineralized trends in the area (please refer to Company’s news release dated July 13th, 2020).

The sampling returned significant results from both Blocks. Table 1 shows the assay results, equal to and over 1.0 g/t Au Equivalent which represent over 36% of the samples (37 / 103).

Au Equiv
Ag Equiv
46506 A chip channel 3.90 2.22 113.00 3.46 0.12 8.30 813.94
46505 A chip channel 2.00 3.70 29.30 1.34 0.06 8.22 805.86
46504 A chip channel 2.10 0.89 68.70 2.52 1.82 5.58 547.21
46503 A chip channel 2.20 1.27 64.00 1.93 0.13 4.74 465.03
46502 A chip channel 3.80 0.62 55.20 2.34 1.08 4.23 414.86
46501 A chip channel 2.30 0.21 75.10 2.61 1.29 4.14 406.07
46299 A chip channel 2.80 1.86 24.60 0.00 0.02 3.93 385.39
46298 A chip channel 2.30 0.59 35.40 1.42 1.76 3.73 365.50
46297 A chip channel 2.00 1.56 39.50 0.00 0.01 3.65 357.77
46296 A chip channel 2.40 0.69 95.80 0.00 0.01 3.10 303.82
46295 A chip channel 2.10 1.55 5.50 0.00 0.00 2.98 292.64
46294 A chip channel 3.00 0.19 45.70 2.88 0.14 2.94 288.56
46293 A chip channel 1.30 1.29 15.10 0.34 0.03 2.89 283.91
46292 A chip channel 2.60 0.70 75.40 0.00 0.04 2.75 269.70
46291 A chip channel 2.00 0.29 42.00 1.88 0.45 2.70 264.59
46290 A chip channel 2.00 0.33 46.60 1.76 0.10 2.56 250.73
46289 A chip channel 1.00 0.82 30.80 0.54 0.02 2.42 237.84
46288 A chip channel 1.70 0.04 20.00 0.53 2.23 2.22 217.89
46287 A chip channel 1.00 0.70 30.00 0.35 0.11 2.14 209.93
46286 A chip channel 3.40 1.00 14.20 0.00 0.00 2.13 208.64
46285 A chip channel 3.00 1.08 5.40 0.00 0.00 2.11 206.82
46284 A chip channel 2.00 0.43 25.20 1.02 0.37 2.10 205.63
46283 A chip channel 2.20 0.92 5.90 0.00 0.00 1.82 178.46
46282 A chip channel 1.30 0.94 1.90 0.00 0.00 1.78 174.77
46281 A chip channel 1.50 0.49 42.10 0.00 0.01 1.71 167.73
46279 A chip channel 2.40 0.76 13.70 0.00 0.00 1.67 164.16
46278 A chip channel 2.00 0.33 17.00 0.59 0.41 1.54 151.10
46277 A chip channel 2.10 0.55 26.40 0.00 0.00 1.52 149.28
46276 A chip channel 2.00 0.29 15.50 0.54 0.23 1.29 126.13
46275 A chip channel 2.00 0.47 6.20 0.25 0.23 1.28 125.73
46274 A chip channel 4.00 0.63 1.50 0.00 0.00 1.20 117.52
46273 A chip channel 2.30 0.59 3.70 0.00 0.00 1.17 114.48
46272 A chip channel 2.90 0.55 4.10 0.00 0.01 1.11 108.53
46271 A chip channel 2.00 0.23 10.70 0.30 0.36 1.04 101.91
46270 A chip channel 2.40 0.43 9.00 0.02 0.02 0.99 96.87
46269 A chip channel 2.50 0.05 22.70 0.25 0.46 0.97 94.82


Denser sets of veins and veinlets hosted by shales and quartzites appear to correlate with higher grades. The strike lengths of these mineralized trends have been recognized as continuing along several hundreds of meters at surface.

The Company’s initial drill program, which started this Wednesday and is fully funded by recent warrant exercises, entails 4 holes total 1,000 meters that may be expanded.

The drilling will step out to the east and west of historic drill hole TR001 on Block B. TR001 had returned assay results of 94.2 meters grading 0.39 g/t Au, 21.8 g/t Ag 0.65%Pb, 0.39% Zn , and (0.95 gpt AuEq*), according to Solitario Resources SEC 10K filings in 2008.

District geological mapping and geophysics is also planned, as the host and accessory mineral properties associated with the mineralization at El Triunfo can be detected by geophysical imaging methods such as induced polarization (IP).

Maps of the sample locations are posted at

(*) Gold equivalent calculation uses a gold price of $1,795, a zinc price of $0.93, a lead price of $0.80, and a silver price of $18.30 (all USD), and assumes a 100% metallurgical recovery. Gold equivalent values can be calculated using the following formula: AuEq = Au g/t + (Ag g/t x 0.0102) + (Zn % x 0.3551) + (Pb % x 0.3055).

Qualified Person

The technical contents of this news release have been prepared under the supervision of Danniel Oosterman, VP Exploration. Mr. Oosterman is not independent of the Company in that he is employed by it. Mr. Oosterman is a qualified person (“QP”) as defined by the guidelines in NI 43-101.

Quality Assurance and Quality Control

Silver Elephant adopts industry-recognized best practices in its implementation of QA/QC methods. Rock chip samples average between 5-7 kg. Samples are shipped to ALS Global Laboratories in Ururo, Bolivia for preparation and then shipped to ALS Global laboratories in Lima, Peru for analysis. Samples are analyzed using Intermediate Level Four Acid Digestion. Silver overlimits (“ore grade”) are analyzed using fire assay with a gravimetric finish. The ALS Laboratories sample management system meets all the requirements of International Standards ISO/IEC 17025:2017 and ISO 9001:2015. All ALS geochemical hub laboratories are accredited to ISO/IEC 17025:2017 for specific analytical procedures. A geochemical standard control samples are inserted into the sample stream. The laboratory also includes duplicates of samples, standards and blanks for additional QA/QC. Check assays are reviewed prior to the release of data. Assays are also reviewed for their geological context and checked against field descriptions.

About Silver Elephant

Silver Elephant is developing its premier Pulacayo silver project and Triunfo gold-silver project in Bolivia. Further information on Silver Elephant can be found at


“John Lee”
Executive Chairman

For more information about Silver Elephant, please contact Investor Relations:

+1.604.569.3661 ext. 101

Neither the Toronto Stock Exchange nor its Regulation Services Provider (as that term is defined in the policies of the Toronto Stock Exchange) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements contained in this news release, including statements which may contain words such as “expects”, “anticipates”, “intends”, “plans”, “believes”, “estimates”, or similar expressions, and statements related to matters which are not historical facts, are forward-looking information within the meaning of applicable securities laws. Such forward-looking statements, which reflect management’s expectations regarding Silver Elephant’s future growth, results of operations, performance, business prospects and opportunities, are based on certain factors and assumptions and involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties which may cause the actual results, performance, or achievements to be materially different from future results, performance, or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.

These factors should be considered carefully, and readers should not place undue reliance on the Silver Elephant’s forward-looking statements. Silver Elephant believes that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements contained in this news release and the documents incorporated by reference herein are reasonable, but no assurance can be given that these expectations will prove to be correct. In addition, although Silver Elephant has attempted to identify important factors that could cause actual actions, events or results to differ materially from those described in forward looking statements, there may be other factors that cause actions, events or results not to be as anticipated, estimated or intended. Silver Elephant undertakes no obligation to release publicly any future revisions to forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this news or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as expressly required by law.

Jangada Mines Loss Widens On Costs, Focuses On Project Development

Natural resources company Jangada Mines PLC said Tuesday its pretax loss widened, due to its share of losses from its associates, as it continues the development of the Pitombeiras vanadium project in Brazil.

For the six months to the end of December, Jangada’s pretax loss widened to USD873,000 from USD701,000 the same period the year before, due to a one-off charge of USD266,000, from the group’s share of losses from associates.

Administration expenses, meanwhile, dropped to USD605,000 from USD701,000 the year before. Jangada Mines posted no revenue as it continues to develop its projects in South America.

During the period, the group established the mineral potential of the Pitombeiras project, estimating a JORC exploration target of between 40 million tonnes to 60 million tonnes at 0.3% to 0.6% of vanadium oxide, 40% to 55% iron oxide and 8% to 10% of titanium dioxide.

Looking ahead, Jangada will focus on establishing a JORC-compliant mineral resource estimate for the project.

“We are now focussed on unlocking the inherent value of Pitombeiras for the benefit of all stakeholders. To this end, we have a clear development path thanks to a defined exploration programme. The ramp up of activity at Pitombeiras is undoubtedly timely given the favourable market dynamics that are placing increasing demand on clean energy materials such as vanadium. We look forward to sharing more exploration results in due course,” said Executive Chair Brain McMaster.

Ferro-vanadium By Country Exp Dec 2019 Japan

BEIJING(Asian Metal) 13 Feb 2020
Country/Region unit Dec amount unit: ( 1000Jpy )
Quantity Amount Quantity  Amount
TOTAL KG 57022 88558 900709 2486629
103 R KOREA KG 350 1782
105 CHINA KG 24049 37782 102184 162574
106 TAIWAN KG 200 1668
111 THAILND KG 2373 12479 25731 229934
117 PHILPIN KG 450 2258
118 INDNSIA KG 150 1971
123 INDIA KG 30000 34681 175000 303212
213 GERMANY KG 44 315
224 RUSSIA KG 3000 3394
304 USA KG 600 3616 453600 1385185
410 BRAZIL KG 140000 394336

VN Alloy Producers Output Rank In January 2020

CompanyFurnace modelMonthly capacity(ton)Running FurnaceMonthly output(ton)Rank
Pangang Vanadium and Titanium Resources Co., Ltd.Panzhihua Vanadium Products FactoryPusher kiln60068001
Shaanxi Fengyuan Vanadium Technology Development Co., LtdPusher kiln680054002
Hunan Zhongxin New Materials Technology Co.,LtdPusher kiln615024002
Chengde Jianlong Special Steel Co., Ltd.Pusher kiln50033803
HBIS Chengde Vanadium Titanium New Material Co., Ltd.Pusher kiln(4)shaft furnace20033004
Shaanxi Huayin Technology Co., LtdPusher kiln30032405
Hubei Jingyang Technology Co., LtdPusher kiln6(4)30022106
Shaanxi Wuzhou Mining Co., Ltd.Pusher kiln660032007
Henan Yuqianxin Metal Technology Co.,LtdPusher kiln430022007
CNMC Ningxia Orient Group Co., LtdPusher kiln30041508
Jiangxi Jiujiang Vanadium New Materials Co., Ltd.Pusher kiln20011508
Jiangsu Yuxin Technology Co., LtdPusher kiln(3)25021409
Jiangxi Tianqi New Materials Group Co., Ltd.Pusher kiln200113010
Xinjiang Zhonghao Vanadium Industry Technology Co., LtdPusher kiln(4)140112011
Chongyang Xinrui Vanadium Industry Co., LtdPusher kiln200112011
Chongyang Ocean Vanadium Industry Co., Ltd.Pusher kiln200212011
Fujian Xinhangkai Materials Technology Co., Ltd.Pusher kiln 120112011
Panjin Hexiang New Material Technology Co., Ltd.Pusher kiln100112011
Hebei kanggexin Technology Co., LtdPusher kiln100110012
Hebei Defeng Ferroalloy FactoryPusher kiln200110012
Shaanxi zhongvanadium Changsheng New Material Technology Co., LtdPusher kiln120110012
Chongyang Chongqing Vanadium Alloy Co., LtdPusher kiln15019013
Tranvic Special Steel Co., Ltd.Pusher kiln30028714
Jiujiang Jinding Thai Vanadium Nitrogen Technology Co., Ltd.Pusher kiln6018015
Xixia Zhongjia Alloy Material Co., LtdVacuum furnace(15)6018015
Chongyang Qingfeng Technology Co., LtdPusher kiln(2)28028015
Hubei Chengfei Technology Co., LtdPusher kiln(2)10018015
Chongyang Qingfeng Technology Co., LtdPusher kiln10017016
Chongyang Zhongrui Mining Co., Ltd.Pusher kiln10016016
Hubei Huaxiang Alloy Co., LtdPusher kiln(2)10016016
Panzhihua Xingang Alloy Material Co., Ltd.Shaft kiln(2)11016016
Jiangsu Zhongfan New Material Technology Co., Ltd.Pusher kiln10015017
Panjin Changde Alloy Co., Ltd.Pusher kiln(2)12015017
Shaanxi Dinghua Rhenium Molybdenum Rare Material Co., LtdPusher kiln12025017

Shougang Changzhi Vanadium-Nitrogen Bidding Price on 11 December, 2019

Product Spec.Price (RMB/TON)Qty(ton)Basis
Vanadium-nitrogenVN16149,50020Acceptance with tax

European Ferrovanadium 70-80# price in Jan-Sep 2019

Xinxing Ductile Iron Pipes Invites Bids For Vanadium Nitride

BEIJING (Asian Metal) 9 Oct 19 – Xinxing Ductile Iron Pipes Co., Ltd. invited bids starting on October 8 to purchase 20t of vanadium nitride.

The closing date for the bids is October 9, 2019.

AMG Inks Contract To Supply Ferrovanadium To Glencore

BEIJING (Asian Metal) 27 Jul 19 – On September 26, US-based AMG Advanced Metallurgical Group N.V. (“AMG”) announced that it has signed a long-term agreement to supply 100% of its available ferrovanadium production from both the existing and the future Ohio facilities to Glencore AG, a subsidiary of Glencore plc.

AMG Vanadium LLC specializes in the environmentally beneficial conversion of oil refinery and power plant waste products into ferrovanadium, nickel and molybdenum primarily used by global steel producers in automotive, energy transmission and infrastructure applications.

GAC Launches Pilot Reform Of Two-Step Custom Clearance On Imported Goods

Recently, the General Administration of Customs of P.R. China (GAC) launched a pilot reform of two-step custom clearance on imported goods in regional customs such as Hangzhou, Ningbo, Qingdao, Huangpu, Shenzhen and so on. 

Under the new two-step clearance mode, importers do not have to submit all required information and documents one time; instead, they can submit just essential information in their bills of lading to complete summary clearance (first-step clearance) and take their goods away; and within 14 days when the transportation vehicle is reported to arrive at customs, importers should finish the rest of the whole clearance process (second-step clearance). This new two-step clearance process saves time for imported goods to stay at customs, greatly enhances custom working efficiency and helps importers dramatically cut their costs.

USA Critical Mineral Report

Vanadium Miners News For The Month Of May 2019


  • Vanadium spot prices were lower again in May.
  • Vanadium market news – California flips switch on first grid-connected (vanadium redox) flow battery.
  • Vanadium company news – AMG announces approval to expand its spent catalyst recycling capacity, and Bushveld buys the Vanchem Plant.
  • Looking for a community to discuss ideas with? Trend Investing features a chat room of like-minded investors sharing investing ideas and strategies. Get started today »

Welcome to Vanadium miners news. May saw vanadium prices continue to fall, and now look oversold. On a more positive note California has followed China’s lead installing a commercial scale vanadium redox flow battery. It was a busy month for the vanadium miners with several deals (a vanadium purchase, a vanadium expansion, DFS, JV, MOU, and a Scoping Study announced).

Vanadium uses

Vanadium is traditionally used to harden steel. New Chinese rebar standards are requiring more vanadium. Also Vanadium Flow Batteries [VRFBs] are becoming increasingly popular especially for commercial energy storage, most notably in China. Vanadium Pentoxide [V2O5] is used in VRFBs and Ferrovanadium [FeV] is used in the steel industry.

Vanadium spot price history

China Vanadium Pentoxide [V2O5] Flake 98{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} Price = USD 8.40/lb

China Ferrovanadium [FeV] 80{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} Price = USD 39.00/kg

Vanadium demand versus supply

The charts below show energy storage to be a new source of vanadium demand, and overall demand looks likely to grow very strongly to 2025.

Roskill estimates that vanadium demand “for VRFB markets” could rise to 31,000 tons by 2025, amounting to a rise of 3,100{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} in a decade.

Source: Australian Vanadium presentation

Vanadium total demand forecast to outstrip supply 2019-2025

Source: Technology Metals Australia investor presentation & TTP Squared

Vanadium market news

In 2017 Robert Friedland stated:

We think there’s a revolution coming in vanadium redox flow batteries,” he says. “You’ll have to get into the mining business and produce ultra-pure vanadium electrolyte for those batteries on a massive scale. We’re very deeply interested in how you store electrical energy in the grid. The beauty of the vanadium redox battery is that you can charge and discharge it at the same time, something that can’t be done with a lithium battery. With a vanadium redox flow battery, you can put solar power and wind power into the battery, and you can put excess grid power into the battery at night, and at the same time you can have a stable output into the grid.

A good April 11 report from Banyan Hill reported:

Clean energy storage demand is surging 1,445{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d}!….With a global push to harness energy from environmentally friendly and unlimited sources like wind and solar, demand for these storage systems are set to skyrocket over the next several years. And as a result, the battery storage industry is at the cusp of a major rally. This industry was valued at about $11 billion in 2018. But by 2030 that number is expected to explode to $170 billion. That’s annual growth of 25.6{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d}, and total growth of 1,445{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d}! One of the big ones in China is also set to be the world’s largest vanadium-powered battery system. These vanadium battery systems are preferred due to their ability to last over a decade with little to no decrease in performance.

Note: The above includes lithium-ion battery, VRFB, and other battery energy storage.

A story I missed from April 15 by Green Car Reports reported:

Nano Flowcell Quantino covers 218,000 miles on flow batteries. The cars use flow batterieswith unspecified active chemical ingredientsthat Quant says are safer and have better “environmental compatibility” than fuel cells or conventional lithium batteries……Popular types of flow batteries include lithium-sulfur, sulfur-hydroxide, hydrogen-bromine, iron-chromium, zinc-bromine, and vanadium…..Flow batteries have not been widely suggested for cars, because, although the tanks can store quite a bit of energy, the cells themselves put out relatively little power, so it takes a lot of them to develop sufficient output to power a car. Flow batteries have been more successfully used in large, stationary applications.

Nano Flowcell Quantino


On May 6 GovTech reported:

California flips switch on first grid-connected flow battery……The SDG&E (San Diego Gas & Electric) flow battery storage system will provide 2 megawatts and 8 megawatt-hours of energy, enough to power about 1,000 homes for up to four hours…..SDG&E is working in coordination with Sumitomo Electric of Japan on the pilot program that uses what is called “vanadium redox” battery systems that may last longer and suffer less degradation than other types of batteries, such as lithium-ion.

California’s first grid-connected [VRFB] flow battery


Vanadium miner news

Vanadium producers

Glencore [LSX:GLEN] [HK:805] (OTC:OTCPK:GLCNF)

Glencore is a large vanadium producer, but vanadium production represents only a small portion of their revenue.

No vanadium related news for the month.

AMG Advanced Metallurgical Group NV [NA:AMG] [GR:ADG] (OTCPK:AMVMF)

AMG Vanadium is a leading provider of products and services for the metals, manufacturing, refinery and petrochemical industries. AMG Vanadium produces ferrovanadium and related ferroalloys from spent refinery catalysts using a proprietary pyrometallurgical process.

On May 1, AMG Advanced Metallurgical Group NV announced: “AMG Advanced Metallurgical Group N.V. reports first quarter 2019 results.” Highlights include:

  • “Revenue increased by 12{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} to $346.5 million in the first quarter 2019 from $308.4 million in the first quarter 2018.
  • EBITDA(2) was $50.4 million in the first quarter 2019, a 13{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} increase over the same period in 2018.
  • Annualized return on capital employed continued at a high level of 28.3{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} in the first quarter 2019, as compared to 28.4{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} in the first quarter 2018.
  • AMG ended the first quarter of 2019 with net debt of $14.6 million, an increase of $15.0 million versus prior year-end 2018.”

On May 1 AMG Advanced Metallurgical Group NV announced:

AMG Advanced Metallurgical Group N.V. presents update on long-term financial goals……Based on the growth opportunities that exist throughout AMG’s portfolio, including AMG Vanadium’s spent catalyst recycling expansion in Cambridge, Ohio, AMG Mineração’s Lithium project in Brazil and the creation of AMG’s new segment, AMG Technologies, AMG expects to deliver an EBITDA level of $350 million, or more, in 5 years, or less.

On May 21, AMG Advanced Metallurgical Group NV announced:

AMG Advanced Metallurgical Group N.V. announces approval to expand its spent catalyst recycling capacity. AMG Advanced Metallurgical Group N.V. is pleased to announce that its Supervisory Board has approved a capital project to double its spent catalyst recycling capacity by building a new, greenfield plant in the operational vicinity of its current spent catalyst processing plant in Cambridge Ohio.

You can view the latest investor presentation here.

Bushveld Minerals Limited [LN- AIM:BMN] (OTC:BSHVF)

Bushveld is a diversified AIM-listed resources company with a portfolio of vanadium, tin and coal assets in Southern Africa and Madagascar. Bushveld Minerals 100{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} owns Bushveld Vametco Limited which has a controlling interest of 75{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} in an existing low-cost production platform, Vametco Alloys, with ~3.5{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} of global market share.

On May 1, Bushveld Minerals announced:

Bushveld Minerals Limited. Conditional Business Purchase Agreement signed with Duferco for the acquisition of the Vanchem Plant, SAJV Business and Ivanti Shares.

  • (NYSE:I) the vanadium production business of VVP as a going concern (“Vanchem Plant”);
  • (II) the ferrovanadium production business of SAJV as a going concern (“SAJV Business”); and
  • (NASDAQ:III) 100 per cent of the outstanding shares of Ivanti Resources [PTY] Limited (“Ivanti”), a subsidiary of Duferco Participations Holding S.A, which has economic rights to certain secondary vanadium units treated within the Vanchem Plant,

as one indivisible transaction, for an aggregate cash consideration of US$68 million (the “Consideration”), which is to be settled in two stages. The Vanchem Plant and SAJV Business are hereinafter jointly referred to as the Vanchem Business (“Vanchem Business”).”

On May 15, Bushveld Minerals announced: “Bushveld Minerals Limited end Q1 on a very strong note.” Highlights include:

  • “Vametco’s production for Q1 2019 was 649 mtV in the form of NitrovanTMfrom magnetite concentrate, which was consistent with Q4 2018 (Q4 2018: 657 mtV).
  • Vametco production guidance of 2,800 mtV to 2,900 mtV is expected for the 2019 calendar year, supported by improved operating performance, representing a 9 to 13 per cent increase relative to 2018 production (2018: 2,560 mtV).
  • Unit production cost of US$18.90/KgV to US$19.50KgV is expected for the 2019 calendar year, underpinned by economies of scale. This represents a two to four per cent reduction relative to 2018 unit cost (2018: US$19.70/kgV).
  • Production volumes are expected to be skewed towards the second half of the year, due to a 24 day planned maintenance programme during the months of June and July.”

On May 22, Bushveld Minerals announced: “Vametco inferred & indicated Mineral Resource and Ore Reserve update.” Highlights include:

  • Ore Reserves have more than doubled to 279,100 tonnes V2O5 in magnetite (previously 137,152 tonnes V2O5 in magnetite), notwithstanding production of approximately 5,700 metric tonnes of vanadium (between October 2017 and March 2019) while the grade has increased by 3 per cent to 2.02 per cent V2O5 (previously 1.96 per cent V2O5).
  • Indicated Resources have increased by 187 percent to 965,900 tonnes of V2O5 in magnetite (previously 336,604 tonnes V2O5 in magnetite).

On May 23, Bushveld Minerals announced: “Final results for the period ended 31 December 2018.” Highlights include:

Bushveld Minerals

  • “Raised our effective underlying interest in Vametco from 59.1 per cent to 74.0 per cent in September 2018.
  • Raised over US$20 m in an equity placing at 10.3 pence per share from experienced mining and UK institutional investors.
  • The best performing FTSE-AIM Materials stock.”

Bushveld Vanadium

  • “Vametco delivered a solid financial performance in 2018, underpinned by a strong vanadium price environment.”

You can view the latest investor presentation here.

Energy Fuels Inc. [TSX:EFR] (UUUU)

Energy Fuels state they are “the No. 1 uranium producer in the U.S. with a market-leading portfolio.” Regarding vanadium the company state they have “32M lbs M&I vanadium resources at La Sal & Whirlwind Mines (1{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} avg. grade).” In 2013 the company produced 1.5M lbs of V2O5, and resumed vanadium production.

On May 8, Energy Fuels Inc. announced: “Energy Fuels announces Q1-2019 results.” Highlights include:

  • “At March 31, 2019, the Company had $47.3 million of working capital, including $15.3 million in cash, $17.5 million in marketable securities, 470,000 pounds of finished uranium goods inventory, and 270,000 pounds of finished vanadium goods inventory.
  • The Company successfully achieved commercial rates of vanadium production at the Company’s White Mesa Mill (the “Mill”), producing the highest purity vanadium in the Mill’s history. Vanadium production totaled 325,000 pounds of V2O5 for the quarter, and the Company expects to continue to produce 160,000 to 200,000 pounds of V2O5 per month over a 16-20 month period, subject to continued successful recovery and suitable sales prices.
  • The Company completed 53,000 pounds of vanadium sales into the steel industry during the quarter, following conversion of the Company’s V2O5product into ferrovanadium.
  • The Company continued a limited conventional vanadium test-mining program at its La Sal Complex. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had mined approximately 6,000 tons of mineralized material with an average grade of 1.44{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} V2O5 and 0.17{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} U3O8.”

Largo Resources [TSX:LGO] [GR:LR81] (OTCQX:LGORF)

Largo Resources is a pure-play vanadium pentoxide producer from their Maracás Menchen mine in Brazil. The company state: “The Maracás Menchen mine possesses the world’s highest grade vanadium deposit – P&P reserve grade of 1.17{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} V2O5 is over double the industry average. On track to be one of the lowest cost producers of vanadium, and a 6 year take or pay off-take agreement with Glencore for 100{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} of production.

On May 14, Largo Resources announced: “Largo Resources reports first quarter 2019 results.” Highlights include:

  • “Cash balance of $190.7 million exiting Q1 2019.
  • Production of 2,099 tonnes (4.6 million pounds4) of V2O5; Kiln refractory replacement completed ahead of schedule.
  • Record global V2O5 recovery rate of 80{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} vs. 75.6{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} in Q1 2018.
  • Cash operating costs excluding royalties of $4.54 (US$3.41) per pound V2O5.
  • Revenues of $44.3 million in Q1 2019 (after the impact of the remeasurement of trade receivables of $57.1 million on revenues of $101.4 million).
  • Net loss of $2.2 million in Q1 2019.
  • New resource estimate for Novo Amparo Norte expected late Q2 2019.”

You can view the latest investor presentation here.

Ferro Alloy Resources [LON:FAR]

On April 30, Ferro-Alloy Resources announced: “Final results for the year ended 31 December 2018.” Highlights include:


  • “Established vanadium producer focused on expanding and developing the Balasausqandiq Vanadium Project.
  • Operations located at the Balasausqandiq site with two main business activities: the Balasausqandiq Vanadium Project (the “Project”), with a Net Present Value (“NPV”) of US$2 billion (10{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} discount at a long-term vanadium pentoxide price of $7.50/lb) and a reserve of over 70 million tonnes estimated on the locally required basis, of which ore-body number one (of five) has estimated reserves on a JORC basis of 23 million tonnes; and an existing profitable vanadium concentrate processing operation adapted from the former pilot plant (the “Existing Operation”).”

Vanadium developers


Neometals is primarily a lithium producer however they 100{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} own the Barrambie Titanium Vanadium Iron Project in Western Australia. Barrambie’s Eastern Band is one of the highest grade hard rock titanium deposits globally.

On April 30, Neometals announced: “Quarterly activities report for the quarter ended 31 March 2019.” Highlights include:

  • “Update to Barrambie primary vanadium salt roast leach DFS substantially complete.
  • Continued advancement of Barrambie permitting, metallurgical test‐work and market development to exploit titanium and iron as well as the vanadium resource.”

On May 22, Neometals announced: “DFS results for Barrambie vanadium production and commencement of titanium pilot program.” Highlights include:

  • “Neometals confirms primary production of vanadium pentoxide and ferrovanadium from vanadium-rich Central Bands to be technically feasible and economically viable.
  • Revised DFS focused on vanadium production only (primarily from Central Bands). Next step to determine how to extract value from titanium which represents ~95{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} of contained Barrambie resource metal.
  • Commenced staged pilot-scale evaluation of conventional hydrometallurgical flowsheets to recover titanium and vanadium from the titanium-rich Eastern Band.
  • Pilot to provide data to upgrade the accuracy of 2015 PFS to DFS standard and determine optimal flowsheet to process ‘whole of deposit’ before commencing a FEED Study.
  • A Canadian NI43-101 Technical Report is nearing completion as a capstone document for ongoing offtake, partner and financing discussions.”

DFS highlights for Barrambie vanadium (excludes the value from titanium which represents ~95{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} of contained Barrambie resource metal)


You can view the latest investor presentation here, or “An Update On Neometals”, or my recent article – “Neometals Managing Director Chris Reed Gives A Brief Update With Matt Bohlsen Of Trend Investing.”

Australian Vanadium [ASX:AVL] [GR:JT71] (OTC:ATVVF)

Australian Vanadium is an emerging vanadium producer focused on their Australian Vanadium Project in Western Australia.

On May 13, Australian Vanadium announced: “AVL signs Joint Venture with Ultra Power Systems on Coates Vanadium Project.” Highlights include:

  • “Joint Venture Agreement signed with vertically integrated electrochemical processing and energy storage technology company Ultra Power Systems Ltd [UPS] to evaluate AVL’s Coates Vanadium Project.
  • UPS aims to produce vanadium electrolyte using a combination of a unique processing route and high-density vanadium electrolyte production.
  • AVL has signed a JV to create value for shareholders by; monetising a secondary asset and; testing processing technology focused on enhancing the uptake of vanadium redox flow batteries in Australia.
  • Agreement allows for AVL to receive either $500,000 or equivalent shares in UPS.”

Catalysts include:

  • December 2019 – DFS due

You can view the latest investor presentation here, or read “Australian Vanadium Managing Director Vincent Algar Talks With Matt Bohlsen Of Trend Investing.”

Technology Metals Australia [ASX:TMT]

The company’s primary exploration focus is on the 100{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} owned Gabanintha Vanadium Project located 40km south east of Meekatharra in the mid-west region of Western Australia.

On April 29, Technology Metals Australia announced: “Quarterly activities report & appendix 5b for the quarter ending 31 March 2019.” Highlights include:

  • “Gabanintha Vanadium Project resource upgrade delivers a 39{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} increase to the Northern Block measured and indicated mineral resource estimate of 30.1Mt at 0.9{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} V2O5 (June 2018 PFS had a 13 year mine life on 21.6Mt indicated resource).
  • Global high grade mineral resource estimate increased to an outstanding 71.2Mt at 1.1{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} V2O5 within a high quality global resource of 131Mt at 0.9{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} V2O5.
  • High quality Definitive Feasibility Study on the Gabanintha Vanadium Project; a large, long life, low cost development opportunity, on schedule for completion in mid 2019.
  • As at the end of March 2019 the Company had cash of $4.94 million and as at 26 April 2019 the Top 20 shareholders held 43.82{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} of the fully paid ordinary shares.”

On May 22, Technology Metals Australia announced: “MOU with CNMC [Ningxia] Orient Group Co., Ltd.” Highlights include:

  • “Non-binding memorandum of understanding (“mou”) executed with CNMC Ningxia Orient Group Company Ltd (“cnmnc”).
  • CNMC’s special materials division produces ferro vanadium [FEV] and vanadium nitrogen alloys [VN] for use in the Chinese steel industry.
  • MOU establishes the framework for a binding V2O5 offtake agreement (“agreement”) to be finalised in the coming months.
  • Key agreement parameters defined in the MOU include minimum offtake volumes, pricing structure and term of agreement (refer page 2).
  • Detailed high-quality definitive feasibility study based on production of high purity V2O5 on track for delivery in mid 2019.”

Catalysts include:

  • Mid 2019 – Resource upgrade
  • Mid 2019 – DFS due

You can view the latest investor presentation here, or read “Technology Metals Australia Execetive Director Ian Prentice Talks With Matt Bohlsen Of Trend Investing.”


TNG is an Australian resources company focused on the evaluation and development of its Mount Peake Vanadium-Titanium-Iron project. The Mount Peake Project is located 235km north-northwest of Alice Springs in the Northern Territory of Australia. TNG Ltd is well advanced with a massive $4.7b NPV8{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d}, but relies on titanium and iron with a lower grade vanadium by-product.

On April 30, TNG Ltd. announced:

March 2019 quarterly activities report. Mount Peake advancing on multiple fronts. FEED process progressing with optimisation and equipment selection testwork, and design,underway. EIS for Darwin Processing Plant advanced. Titanium Pigment Offtake Agreement advanced. Funding process advanced. Board changes.

On May 8, TNG Ltd. announced:

Patent coverage for TNG’s proprietary TIVAN® process for extraction of vanadium extended to Vietnam.

On May 9, TNG Ltd. announced: “TNG engages McMahon services to progress non-process infrastructure works program for the Mount Peake Project.”

You can view the latest investor video presentations here.

Aura Energy [ASX:AEE] [GR:VU1] (OTC:AUEEF)

Aura Energy is an Australian-based minerals company that 100{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} owns polymetallic and uranium projects with large resources in Sweden (Häggån Project) and Mauritania (Tiris project). Aura’s focus is on the Häggån Project, located in Sweden’s Alum Shale Province, one of the largest depositories of vanadium in the world.

On April 30 Aura Energy announced:

March quarterly report 30th April 2019. Häggån Vanadium Project drilling continued throughout the Nordic winter with the program more than 80{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} complete by the end of the quarter.

You can view the latest investor presentation here.

Prophecy Development Corp. [TSX:PCY] (OTCQX:PRPCF) (NYSEARCA:PCY)

Prophecy Development Corp. is a Canadian public company listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange. Prophecy’s objective is to advance the Gibellini Black Shale primary vanadium project in the Battle Mountain region in northeastern Nevada to production. Gibellini aims to be the first active primary vanadium mine in North America.

On May 1, Prophecy Development Corp. announced:

Prophecy outlines mining permit and proposed construction schedule at Gibellini Vanadium Project in Nevada.

You can view the latest investor presentation here.

Tando Resources [ASX:TNO]

Tando Resources is a junior exploration company established with the purpose of exploring and developing gold zinc, lead, copper and other mineral opportunities. Tando signed a HoA to acquire 74{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} of a globally significant vanadium project, the SPD Project, in Gauteng Province, South Africa.

On April 30, Tando Resources announced: “Quarterly activities report March 2019.” Highlights include:

  • “Mineral Resource Update to 612Mt at a grade of 0.78{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} V2O5. Resource includes high grade, surface component the largest published globally (169 Mt at 1.07{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} V2O5). Significant portion classified as Indicated and improved delineation of high grade zones compared with Inferred resource as a result of Tando’s drilling. High grade surface zones the focus as Tando fast tracks its near-term low capex production opportunity based on simple beneficiation. Scoping Study in the final stages of completion.
  • Metallurgical testwork deliver excellent results. Produces high quality concentrate grading 2.2{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} V2O5. Results consistent with previous laboratory Davis Tube tests.

On May 2, Tando Resources announced: “Scoping Study highlights strong Phase 1 at SPD Project.”

Scoping Study highlights

On May 13, Tando Resources announced:

With robust Scoping Study completed Tando now fully funded to advance key offtake agreements. Vanadium sales contracts will in turn pave way for project level funding, enabling Tando to establish Phase 1 project with low capital cost and short lead time to production.

You can view the latest investor presentation here.

King River Resources [ASX:KRR] (formerly King River Copper)

King River holds 785 square kilometres of mineral leases covering a unique geological feature in the Eastern Kimberley of Western Australia, called the Speewah Dome. The company state on their website: “The focus of King River Copper Limited is the exploration for Gold, Silver and Copper.” However their deposits also contain vanadium.

On May 9, King River Resources announced:

High purity alumina assaying 99.99{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} Al2O3 (4N HPA) produced from sulphuric acid leach solutions. King River Resources Limited is pleased to provide this update on metallurgical precipitation testwork from the company’s 100{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} owned Speewah Specialty Metals (“SSM”) Project in the East Kimberley of Western Australia. KRR is investigating both vat leach of lump material and agitated tank leach of concentrates using sulphuric acid. Scoping level capex and opex costings have supported the agitated tank concentrate leach option as the preferred process route to produce vanadium pentoxide [V2O5], titanium dioxide [TiO2] and iron oxide [Fe2O3] products (refer KRR ASX releases 21 and 22 March and 2 April 2019). In addition, KRR has targeted other high value specialty commodities such as high purity alumina (“HPA”), magnesium oxide and vanadyl sulphate. A Prefeasibility Study [PFS] is underway and is examining several process routes to extract these commodities.

You can view the latest investor presentation here.

VanadiumCorp Resource Inc. [TSXV:VRB][GR:NWN] (OTCPK:APAFF)

VanadiumCorp Resources Inc. 100{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} owns the Lac Dore Vanadium-Iron-Titanium project in Quebec Canada. The company also has another smaller project known as the Iron-T Vanadium Project also in Quebec, and royalties on the Raglan Nickel-PGM mine. The company is looking to take a vertically integrated approach and is also developing leading process technologies ‘VanadiumCorp-Electrochem Processing Technology’ and “Electrochem globally patented Electrowinning” technology.

On May 23, VanadiumCorp Resources Inc. announced:

Ultra Power Systems PTY Ltd executes second payment according to the patent options agreement for the VanadiumCorp-Electrochem processing technology in Australia.

Note: See also Australian Vanadium announcement.

You can view the latest investor presentation here.

First Vanadium Corp.[TSXV:FVAN] (FVANF) (formerly Cornerstone Metals Inc.)

Cornerstone’s Carlin Vanadium project hosts one of North America’s largest richest primary vanadium deposits, located in Nevada. Its West Jerome project targets a large scale high grade copper and zinc deposit in Arizona. Carlin has a historic Inferred Resource 28Mt at 0.525{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d} V2O5 (2010 SRK).

No significant news for the month.

Investors can read the latest company presentation here.

Western Uranium & Vanadium Corp. (OTCQX:WSTRF)

Western Uranium & Vanadium Corp. own the Sunday Mine Complex which is an advanced stage mine property consisting of five interconnected underground mines in Colorado, USA.

On May 14, 2019 Western Uranium & Vanadium announced:

Western Uranium & Vanadium’s Sunday Mine Complex vanadium project update. Western Uranium & Vanadium Corp. updates the status of the Sunday Mine Complex (the “SMC”) Vanadium Project (the “Project”). Funding for the Project was completed in April and Project planning has been ongoing. The SMC is comprised of five individual permitted and developed mines in Western Colorado. Western now has assembled the personnel and resources to open the Sunday Mine Complex…..The focus of the current Project is to define the high-grade vanadium deposit. Underground drilling, in addition to bulk sampling, will be used to determine the vanadium resource. Historically, the SMC yielded a 6-to-1 vanadium-to-uranium ratio.

Investors can read the latest company presentation here.

Graphite miners with potential vanadium projects

  • Syrah Resources [ASX:SYR] (OTC:OTCPK:SYAAF) (OTC:SRHYY)
  • Triton Minerals [ASX:TON] [GR:1TG]
  • Battery Minerals [ASX:BAT]
  • NextSource Materials [TSX:NEXT]

Other vanadium juniors

  • Cellcube Energy Storage [TSXV:CUBE] (STNUF) (formerly Stina Resources)
  • Golden Deeps [ASX:GED]
  • Sabre Resources [ASX:SBR]
  • Trigon Metals Inc. [TSXV:TM] (OTC:PNTZF)
  • Venus Metals [ASX:VMC]
  • Intermin Resources [ASX:IRC]
  • Vanadium One Energy Corp. [TSXV:VONE] [GR:9VR1] (OTC:VDMRF)
  • New Energy Minerals [ASX: NXE] (formerly Mustang Resources)
  • Maxtech Ventures [CSE:MVT]
  • Pursuit Minerals [ASX:PUR]
  • Victory Metals [TSXV:VMX]
  • BlackRock Metals (Private)

VRFB Companies

  • Protean Energy [ASX:POW] [GR:SHE1]

Further reading


Vanadium spot prices were lower again in May.

Highlights for the month include:

  • Clean Energy storage is forecast to grow from $11 billion in 2018 to $170 billion by 2030. That’s annual growth of 25.6{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d}, and total growth of 1,445{3a701354f219a57e7e7d46a505b70225e975b940de2dd07556e20488ab77339d}.
  • California flips switch on first grid-connected (vanadium redox) flow battery.
  • Nano Flowcell Quantino covers 218,000 miles on flow batteries.
  • AMG announces approval to expand its spent catalyst recycling capacity.
  • Bushveld buys the Vanchem Plant, SAJV Business and Ivanti Shares. Bushveld Ore Reserves have more than doubled to 279,100 tonnes V2O5 in magnetite.
  • Energy Fuels achieved commercial rates of vanadium production at the Company’s White Mesa Mill.
  • Neometals DFS results for Barrambie vanadium.
  • AVL signs Joint Venture with Ultra Power Systems on Coates Vanadium Project.
  • Technology Metals Australia signs MOU with CNMC [Ningxia] Orient Group Co., Ltd.
  • Tando Resources releases their Scoping Study with a low CapEx of just US$18.8-20m.

As usual all comments are welcome.

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Disclosure: I am/we are long GLENCORE [LSX:GLEN], AMG ADVANCED METALLURGICAL GROUP NV [AMS:AMG], LARGO RESOURCES [TSX:LGO], NEOMETALS [ASX:NMT], AUSTRALIAN VANADIUM [ASX:AVL],TECHNOLOGY METALS AUSTRALIA [ASX:TMT], SYRAH RESOURCES [ASX:SYR], TRITON MINERALS [ASX:TON]. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

Additional disclosure: The information in this article is general in nature and should not be relied upon as personal financial advice.

Editor’s Note: This article covers one or more microcap stocks. Please be aware of the risks associated with these stocks.