Impact Of The Conflict Between Russia And Ukraine On Port Of Antwerp

Port of Antwerp expresses its support and empathy for all the human suffering caused by the conflict in Ukraine. As a world port, the port of Antwerp is regularly confronted with the consequences of geopolitical movements. This conflict has led to a number of European sanctions against Russia. In order to monitor the impact of the crisis in the port as well as beyond, Port of Antwerp remains in close contact with customers and the competent authorities.

Update 15 April 2022 Based on the rules of the European Union, a roadmap has been drawn up for banning Russian-flagged ships from Belgian ports. This roadmap will be implemented as of Sunday, April 17. The rules were drawn up by the ministers of the North Sea and Foreign Affairs, the maritime police, Defense, Customs, the Department of Mobility and Public Works and DG Shipping.

The Maritime Information Crossroads (MIK) receives a list of the Russian ships coming to a Belgian port and follows that ship closely. The permission given to the ship is only valid for the ship, the Belgian port, the exact timing, and the goods mentioned in the permission.

The port authorities are responsible for the follow-up. For each of the permitted Russian ships arriving in the port, the port authorities must again request the proof of permitted cargo.

Goods that may be delivered to European ports are natural gas, petroleum, coal and other solid fossil fuels, all pharmaceutical, medical, agricultural and food products (such as wheat), fertilizers, and humanitarian aid. These rules will be in effect until August 10, 2022.

Update 5 April 2022 The conflict in Ukraine has led to new European sanctions against Russia, including a ban on Russian and Russian-operated ships from entering EU ports. There is an exception for agricultural and food products, humanitarian aid and energy products. We have not yet been able to fully examine the content of the measure. A meeting with DG Scheepvaart (division of FPS Mobility and Transport) is scheduled next week to further discuss the content and operational impact of this measure. At this stage, the impact in our port seems to be rather limited.

Update 9 March 2022 Monitoring There is constant monitoring of the situation by Port of Antwerp, which is in close contact with customers and other stakeholders in the port community. By doing so, it emphasises the excellent cooperation between the competent authorities, customs and the various terminals involved.

European measures The Antwerp Port Authority does not have the authority to pursue an independent policy in response to the conflict. For instance, the Port Authority cannot impose restrictions upon companies or ships. The Port Authority implements the policies of the Belgian and the European authorities.

As such, the export of a large number of goods including those which can be used for both civilian and military purposes (“dual use”) is prohibited. Containerised cargo bound for Russia is subject to additional scrutiny by customs. More information can be found here (in Dutch). Furthermore, there is no ban on Russian-flagged or Russian-owned ships for the time being.

Facts & figures Our port has no major maritime goods flows with Ukraine. Russia, on the other hand, was the fifth most important trade partner in 2021 with a throughput of 11.6 m tons (3.16 m tons of outbound and 8.5 m tons of inbound). This involved the following categories: • Containers – 5.3 million tons (mainly plastics, wood, chemicals, automotive spare parts and paper) • Liquid bulk – 4.8 million tons (mainly naphtha, diesel and fuel oil) • Dry bulk – 700,000 tons (mainly fertilisers and coal) • Conventional breakbulk – 650,000 tons (mainly steel imports)

In 2021, 51 unique Russian-flagged vessels entered the port of Antwerp, making a total of 108 calls out of a total of 14,181. These vessels only transported dry bulk, conventional general cargo and to a very limited extent containers. Source: Port of Antwerp