Three dimensional vanadium pentoxide/graphene foam composite as positive electrode for high performance asymmetric electrochemical supercapacitor


Date: Aug 8, 2018

Abstract

The electrochemical performance of hydrothermal synthesized three dimensional (3D) orthorhombic vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) nanosheets and vanadium pentoxide/graphene foam (V2O5/GF) composites at different mass loading of GF were successfully studied. The optimized V2O5/GF-150 mg composite provided a high specific capacity of 73 mA h g-1, which was much higher than that the pristine V2O5 (60 mA h g-1) nanosheets at a specific current of 1 A g-1. A hybrid capacitor was also fabricated by adopting a carbon-based negative electrode obtained from the pyrolysis of an iron-PANI polymer (C-Fe/PANI) mixture and the 3D V2O5/GF-150 mg composite as the positive electrode in 6 M KOH electrolyte. The hybrid device of V2O5/GF-150 mg//C-Fe/PANI demonstrated a high energy density of 39

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